Timeline of Buenos Aires, 1580-1850

16th Century 

1536- Founded for 1st time by Pedro de Mendoza, failed.

1580- Founded permanently for 2nd time by Juan de Garay.

1591 – Dominican monastery established.

17th Century

1604 – San Francisco monastery established. 

1611 – Men’s Hospital founded. 

1620 – Town becomes capital of Buenos Aires Province.

1671 – Cathedral inaugurated.

18th Century

1711 – Cabildo built.

1720 – Recoleta church built.

1727 – San Miguel church founded. 

1743 – Women’s Hospital established. 

1744 – Las Monjas convent founded. 

1749 – San Juan convent established. 

1752 – Cathedral built. 

1755 – Female Orphan School established. 

1768 – Merced church built. 

1776 – City becomes capital of Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

1778 – “Free trade regulations” in effect. 

1779 – Foundling Asylum established. 

1794 – Merchant guild established. 

19th Century

1801 – El Telegrafo Mercantil newspaper begins publication. 

1806 – British briefly in power.

1810 – May 18-25 : May Revolution, independence from Spain achieved.

          – State Library established. 

1811 – Pirámide de Mayo monument built on the Plaza de Mayo.

1815 – Academy of Jurisprudence founded. 

1821 – University of Buenos Aires founded.

1822 – Academy of Music founded.

          – Street names changed.

          – Northern Cemetery established.

1823 – Museum of Buenos Ayres, Sociedad de Beneficencia, and Philharmonic Association founded. 

1829 – British Library established (approximate date). 

1832 – English Cemetery established. 

1833 – Victoria Theatre built. 

1838 – March 28: French blockade of the Río de la Plata begins.

          – Scotch Church built.

1839 – Mercado del Plata built.

1840 – French blockade of the Río de la Plata ends.

1841 – Foreign Club established.

1845 – Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata begins.

1847 – Lutheran Church built.

1850 – Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata ends.

Michael Arata